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  1. NanoPi Neo USB OTG with Armbian mainline 4.x kernel

    The long awaited quest of the USB On-the-Go with mainline Linux kernel 4.x.


    As already documented here before, it is possible to configure FriendlyARM's NanoPi Neo to behave as an USB Ethernet/RNDIS gadget device. Unfortunately this functionality relied on legacy/hacked sunxi kernel. This kernel (3 ...

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  2. gdb - frame decorator example

    The FrameDecorator example given in the documentation does not work?

    If you naïvely try the implement your own MyFrameFilter following the example of the InlineFilter given in the gdb (holy?) documentation [1], you may face the following python errors.

    Import issue

      class MyFrameDecorator(FrameDecorator):
    TypeError: Error when calling the metaclass ...
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  3. Starting with nginx

    How to begin with nginx?

    First steps

    Easy, just start at the beginners' guide [1].

    user www-data;
    pid /run/nginx.pid;
    http {
            # Basic Settings
            sendfile on;
            tcp_nopush on;
            tcp_nodelay on;
            keepalive_timeout 65;
            include /etc/nginx/mime.types;
            default_type application/octet-stream;
            # Logging Settings
            access_log /var/log/nginx/access.log;
            error_log /var ...
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  4. Jenkins start parameterized task with curl

    How to start a parameterized task on a jenkins server with curl?

    Start a task

    The answer to this question seems simple at first after seen this page [1]. Unfortunately, it does not work as described:

    vjp@inabox:~$ curl -i -X POST http://localhost:8080/job/inapp_GenerateDocs/build --form file0 ...
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  5. Control docker from the inside

    How to run a docker container from another docker container?

    Create a docker image which runs jenkins. A jenkins task will prepare a data folder to be used along with another docker container. At the end the two containers will run side by side. The container spawned by the jenkins ...

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  6. firefox in docker and ssh tunnel

    How to run firefox inside a docker container?

    firefox in docker

    Adapted from [1] for debian:jessie-slim:

    FROM debian:jessie-slim
    RUN apt-get update && \
            apt-get install -y firefox-esr && \
            apt-get clean
    RUN groupadd --gid 1000 user && \
            useradd --uid 1000 --gid 1000 --create-home user
    USER user
    CMD /usr/bin/firefox-esr

    Build the image ...

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  7. jenkins logo

    You have your shinny new Jenkins installation, but how to make it more personal? How to change the logo of Jenkins?

    The Problem

    The butler face is nice, but what if I wanted to add something to the logo?

    In <jenkins_home>, there is an interesting file named title.png coming ...

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  8. docker image from usb

    Store and load a docker image from USB storage.

    # docker save -o /mnt/docker/inapp-v0.1-armhf.tar inapp
    # ls -l /mnt/docker/inapp-v0.1-armhf.tar
    -rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 212420096 Mar 28 19:27 /mnt/docker/inapp-v0.1-armhf.tar
    # docker load -i /mnt/docker/inapp-v0.1-armhf.tar
    Loaded image: inapp ...
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  9. inapp docker container

    Build a docker container for inapp.

    Stage 1: Build manually on x86

    Run a Debian image for tests:

    sudo docker run -ti --rm debian:jessie-slim bash

    ...and validate the build sequence:

    apt-get update
    apt-get install make
    apt-get install g++
    apt-get install qtbase5-dev
    apt-get install libqt5websockets5-dev
    apt-get install liblttng-ust-dev
    apt-get install ...
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  10. NanoPi NEO docker with armbian

    Is it possible to run docker containers on NanoPi NEO?

    Your Linux kernel version 3.4.113-sun8i is not supported for running docker. Please upgrade your kernel to 3.10.0 or newer.

    Unfortuntely no, it does not work with the default legacy kernel 3.4.113-sun8i.

    Embrace your dark ...

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  11. Howto clone an SD-card

    How to clone an SD-card?

    ~$ sudo dd if=/dev/mmcblk0 of=image.img bs=4M status=progress
    5783945216 bytes (5,8 GB, 5,4 GiB) copied, 81,031 s, 71,4 MB/s
    3835+1 records in
    3835+1 records out
    16088301568 bytes (16 GB, 15 GiB) copied, 247,23 ...
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  12. Docker and Jenkins with chroot-based SDK

    How to run Jenkins via docker and build a project chrooting in a SDK?


    docker is easy to install on Ubuntu [1].

    Starting a Jenkins container with a persistent volume is just as easy [2]:

    sudo docker run --name myjenkins -p 8080:8080 -p 50000:50000 -v /var/jenkins_home ...
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  13. JSON command-line operations

    Preparing JSON files from command-line using Python base library.

    Python has a library to process JSON by default. See [1].

    Using Python on command-line, simple scripts can be written for preparing JSON configurations (e.g., with a Makefile).


    Want to stringify a JSON file in order to embedded it ...

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  14. inapp software

    Installing inapp on Armbian.

    Update everything after the fresh installation to get the latest kernel and packages:

    apt-get update
    apt-get upgrade

    Disable the NetworkManager deamon and save ~6MB of RAM:

    root@nanopineo:~# systemctl disable NetworkManager
    Removed symlink /etc/systemd/system/dbus-org.freedesktop.nm-dispatcher.service.
    Removed symlink /etc/systemd/system/multi-user ...
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  15. inapp OTG ethernet

    Setting-up the USB OTG port as an Ethernet 'gadget' device.

    About "sunxi"

    sunxi is the community working on the open-source environment for Allwinner chips... but it has to be kept in mind, and they write it right on the top of the front page [1], that:

    Allwinner [...] is violating the ...
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  16. inapp qmake install

    make install

    The easy way to install your Qt program with qmake is to add this to your .pro file:

    target.path = /usr/local/myprogram
    INSTALLS += target

    qmake will find itself what is the binary to copy to the target path. According to the documentation [1], only target and dlltarget ...

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  17. inapp software (OS) 2

    Now the operating system. Take two with Armbian.

    Step 1: Get the SD-card image

    Get the OS image Armbian_5.25_Nanopineo_Ubuntu_xenial_default_3.4.113.7z at [1].

    Step 2: Write the SD-card image

    Write the image to the SD-card (4GB min):

    sudo dd if=Armbian_5.25_Nanopineo_Ubuntu_xenial_default_3.4.113.img of=/dev/mmcblk0 ...
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  18. inapp software (OS)

    Now the operating system. Take one with the official image from FriendlyArm.

    Step 1: Get the SD-card image

    Get the OS image nanopi-neo-ubuntu-core-qte-sd4g-20170204.img.zip at [1].

    Step 2: Write the SD-card image

    Write the image to the SD-card (4GB min):

    sudo dd if=nanopi-neo-ubuntu-core-qte-sd4g-20170204.img of=/dev/mmcblk0 bs ...
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  19. inapp hardware

    Cute little ARM board (inner active ingredient) + Tiny 3D-printed housing (color plastic hull) + Transparent sticker (attractive branding) = your new medication for pretty printing.

    The Nano Pi NEO

    The Nano Pi Neo is a cheap Chinese ARM board with everything needed (Ethernet, On-the-Go USB) and a tiny 40x40mm form-factor [1].

    The ...

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  20. Lighttpd multiple base folders with vhost

    How to serve a website by merging multiple base folders?

    mod_alias is the answer! [1]

    alias.url += ( "/all" => "/opt/ina/all/www/" )
    alias.url += ( "/term" => "/opt/ina/term/www/" )


    server.modules += ( "mod_alias" )
    alias ...
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  21. Qt socket and systemd

    How to create a systemd-friendly QWebSocket server?

    Surprisingly, there does not seem to be any official Qt documentation for this use-case. Enjoy.

    Introduction to systemd socket-based services

    The keyword here is socket-based activation. [1]

    systemd will create the socket first and listen to incoming connections. On first incoming connection, the ...

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  22. About Linux kernel printk timestamps

    What is this timestamp in each kernel printk message?

    Quote from [1].

    Printk-time uses the routine sched_clock() in the kernel. On some platforms, sched_clock() only has a resolution of 1 jiffy (which may be 10 milliseconds or longer). This means that you will only see the time increment at this ...
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  23. Debian build image with virtualbox

    Prepare a Debian virtual image to build packages.

    Step 1: Get Debian install image

    Get the netinstall 248MB image (e.g., debian-8.7.1-amd64-netinst.iso) at this address [1], and start a new virtualbox machine.

    Only need a minimalistic system.


    Step 2: Prepare for package build

    A short introduction ...

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  24. SSH and user account without password

    Highly insecure!

    Step 1: Create user with no password

    Create a user with a password, and delete it later ([1]):

    root@inabox:/home/ina# adduser test
    [...give a password...]
    root@inabox:/home/ina# passwd -d test
    passwd: password expiry information changed.

    Step 2: Let the user log in

    In /etc ...

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  25. C++: enum range-based for loop

    Loop over all the members of an enumeration.

    #include <iterator>
    // Inspired from http://codereview.stackexchange.com/a/57699
    template<typename T, T... args>
    struct EnumIterAll
        : public std::iterator<
                                std::input_iterator_tag, // iterator_category
                                T,                       // value_type
                                std::ptrdiff_t,          // difference_type
                                const T*,                // pointer
                                const T&                 // reference
        static constexpr T values[] = {args...};
        static constexpr std ...
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  26. kprobes to DLT

    Initial example for setting a kernel tracepoint and forward the trace output over DLT (Autosar Diagnostic Log and Trace).

    Howto set a kprobe

    This example is taken straight out of the Linux kernel documentation at [1]. For details about the kprobes internals, see [2].

    # The tracing facility is in the ...
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  27. How Linux kprobes works

    How do Linux kernel probes (kprobes) work

    Everything below comes from reading kprobes.txt at [1].


    There are kprobes and jprobes. jprobes are specialized kprobes for function calls, making it easier to get the function parameters. It is usually useful to filter function call traces according to the value ...

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  28. GNU/Linux system performence

    What else is happening again?

    (process:704): GLib-WARNING **: poll(2) failed due to: Invalid argument.

    Using sysctl

    $ sysctl net.core.somaxconn
    net.core.somaxconn = 128
    $ find /usr/include -name socket.h
    /usr/include/x86_64-linux-gnu ...
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  29. Javascript onChange event and IME

    But wait! What happens when I use Chinese input? ...types CTRL+Space and start composing... Oh shit!~ [1]

    Capturing key strokes is nice, but it does not support virtual keyboard like on tablet or smartphones and more advanced input methods such as Chinese/Japanese or other writing systems.

    The problem ...

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  30. Reading UTF-8 from a pipe

    This works

    std::string l;
    // Read lines here
    while(std::getline(std::cin, l))
        // Send Unicode string
        emit newLine(QString::fromStdString(l));

    This works because \n (newline) is a single byte in UTF-8.

    This does not work

    char c;
    // Read bytes here
        // Send Unicode single ...
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  31. <KeyCode>-<TerminalCode>-<CharCode>

    A story which begins on the keyboard, goes through a pseudo-terminal, and ends up on the screen.

    Now that you love ptypipe (see previous post), we are ready to pipe everything and finally control gdb:

    $ makefifo input.cli
    $ python ptypipe.py "" "gdb -q" < input.cli | myGreatControlProgram > input.cli

    Step 1 ...

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  32. Yes, you want working completion in your gdb

    You can pipe commands to gdb, but how to have auto-complete on those commands?

    Naive attempts

    A initial little try is promising, we can pipe commands to gdb:

    ~$ echo "show endian" | gdb -q
    (gdb) The target endianness is set automatically (currently little endian)
    (gdb) quit

    The command show endian was ...

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  33. <CPU>-<vendor>-<OS>

    Questioning about the "target triplet" <CPU>-<vendor>-<OS> used by the GNU build system to describe a target

    When building gdb targeting a different platform, one must choose --host, --build, and --target parameters.

    The target parameter has the following format [1]:


    You can get the target of ...

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  34. OpenSearch plugin for inapp

    How to add an OpenSearch to your website

    OpenSearch is a standard way to make a webbrowser know that your page is actually a search engine. Mozilla [1] and Microsoft [2] explain you how to do it, but a quicker tutorial is found there [3].

    My own OpenSearch configuration file ...

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  35. HTML man pages

    Many websites host HTML rendering of man pages. How to make them yourself?

    Stackoverflow always has an answer for those questions [1].

    A tool without many dependencies is mandoc [2], and of course, it has its mandatory HTML man page there [3].

    ./mandoc -Thtml -Ostyle=mandoc.css ../man-pages-4 ...
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  36. Placeholder for profiling links

    Beware link wall ahead

    Stumbling upon this page [1] ended up in a massive recurssive tree search. A stack of links where kept here.

    Profiling with gdb

    Why not profiling your application by sampling backtraces using gdb? This intuitive idea is easily adapted to remote debugging as well. [2]

    If ...

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  37. Get the documentation of gcc command-line arguments

    gcc has an extensive documentation [1] in the texinfo format (.texi file extention). texinfo [2] can be converted into many different output formats, such as HTML, PDF, ...and generic XML.

    I would like to write a quick-and-dirty script to extract the description of each command-line argument of gcc. I could ...

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  38. How to record your screen into an animated gif?

    How to record your screen into an animated gif with precise position and size?

    I would like to create an animated gif with a size of 800x600px. The canva should contain a web browser in the top half, and a command-line terminal in the bottom half.

    Placing the windows via ...

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  39. Raspberry Pi initial setup

    Random notes

    Download the "Raspbian Jessie Lite" image:
    Writing the image:
    sudo dd bs=4M if=2016-05-27-raspbian-jessie.img of=/dev/sdd
    connect a screen on HDMI and check the My IP address is xxx
    To ...
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  40. Making your Raspberry "product"

    For your Raspberry-based "product" recipe, you'll need:
    • a custom GNU/Linux image (baking time: ~4h).
    • a custom extention board topping (flavor of your choice).
    Price: ★☆☆      Taste: ★★★      Difficulty: ★★☆

    Build a custom GNU/Linux image

    Yocto [1] is now a common solution for creating automated build of custom GNU/Linux images ...

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  41. Little CommonAPI benchmark on Raspberry Pi 2

    Little benchmark of the CommonAPI example on a Raspberry Pi 2

    CommonAPI [1] is an open-source (Mozilla Public License 2.0) developped by BMW.

    It enables to abstract communication middleware (i.e., IPC) such as D-Bus [2] or SOME/IP [3].

    Little benchmark for E01HelloWorld

    The E01HelloWorld tutorial is found ...

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  42. Intel debug port for Atom

    How to debug an Atom processor over JTAG?

    Official presentation of the "Intel JTAG debugger" is [1].

    The standard Intel debug port is the 60-pin XDP (eXtended Debug Port). It extends JTAG with additional signals. This port also has a lower pin count variant: the 31-pin XDP-SSA (Second Side Attach ...

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  43. Finally the right Eclipse project configuration!

    I don't want a fully fledged Eclipse project or depend on heavy Eclipse for anything.~

    I don't know if you have the same feeling, but it doesn't look like a good idea to depend on one heavy tool for anything in your electronic project. Having easy-to-understand scripts ...

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